Senin, 27 Juni 2011

EXAMPLE OF LESSON PLAN 3


LESSON PLAN

Identity of Subject Matter
School                          : SMA Negeri 8 Yogyakarta
Grade/Semester            : X / I
Service Program           : SBI
Subject                         : Biology
Topic                           : Classification of Living Organism
Time Allocation            : 15 Minutes

Standard of Competence
Understanding the principles of classification in living organism   

Basic Competence
Understanding principle of living organism classification based on characteristics similarities and differences 

Indicator to Achieve the Competence
1.    Classify the object of biology based on characteristics similarities and differences
2.    Making dichotomous key to classified objects of biology  

Learning Objectives
1.    Student are able to classify the object of biology based on characteristics similarities and differences
2.    Student are able to makes dichotomous key to classified objects of biology

Teaching Materials
An identification or classification key is the most frequently used tool to identify plants or animals, especially for those who do not have reference specimens. Here identification is done step by step because every key has different determination abilities. There are keys to identify specimens up to level of familiy, genus, or even species.
An identification key is usually dichotomous, so it called dichotomous key. It is an identification key where someone has follow the path determined by the order of the choice. There are two alternatives to every choice (so it is like a choose-your-own adventure book).
Dichotomous key consist of numbered lines of couplets that form stanza. Every stanza consists of two lined called a guide. A guide consist of two opposite characteristic and is marked by a letter. Those characteristics are arranged properly to let users choose one option out of two in each set of opposites. Eventually, an answer will be derived based the collections of the object characteristics.    

 
The making of identification key based on figure is as follows :
1.        a. Single Leaves ....................................................................        2
b. Compound Leaves ............................................................       4
2.    a. Linear Leaves ...................................................................        grass
       b. Wide Leaves ....................................................................        3
3.    a. Serrated leaf margins .......................................................          Hibiscus Plant
       b. Smooth leaf margin ..........................................................         Potato Plant
4.    a. Leaf having 7 leaflets .......................................................          Kapok Tree
       b. leaf having more than 7 leaflets .......................................           5

5.    a. Leaflets on petiole .............................................................        Mahogany Tree
       b. leaflets on petiolule ............................................................        Peacock Flower

Approach and Methods
Approach         : Deductive
Methods           : Lecturing
  Discussions

Teaching and Learning Process
Time Allocation : 15 Minutes
Teaching and Learning Process
Time (Minutes)
Life Skills Aspects that Developed
Pre-Teaching
1.    Greeting and Asking Students Condition
2.    Recall matery about the function of classification  
3.    Stating the Topic and Objectives  
2

While Teaching
1.    Teacher lecturing about the principle in classification and concept of dichotomous keys
2.    Students make 2 group (each groups consists of 3-4 students)
3.    Teacher give students many of leaves
4.    Student work in group to classify the leaves based on similarities and differences
5.    Students do assignment in group based on student worksheet.
6.    One group present their result of leaves classification.
7.    Teacher give confirmation
8
1.      Classify Biology Object
2.      Analyses
3.      Braveness
Post Teaching
1.    Teacher make conclusion from learning process
2.    Teacher evaluate with give question about the principle in make classification and dicothomous key.
3.    Giving assignment to make classification and dichotomous key other living organisms based on similarities and differences.
5


Learning Resources
Arif, Priadi. 2009. Biology 1 for Senior High School Year X Bilingual Based on KTSP 2006. Jakarta: Penerbit Yudhistira.
 Dyah, Aryulina, dkk. 2009. Biology for Senior High School Grade X English Edition. Jakarta: Penerbit ESIS

Assessment
Instrumen  to assess the process of making classification based on dichotomous key.
Numb.
Aspect To Assess
Result
Yes
No
1
Each group gives label in leaves


2
Each group can decided the characteristics similarities or differences to make dichotomous key correctly


3
Each group makes dicotomous key correctly


4
Each group makes leaves classification correctly


5
One group present their leaves classification



Assessment Guide
Score of Each Number
Total
1
2
3
4
5
20
20
20
20
20
100



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